Name: _____Noah Smith _____ Period: _____1 ____ AP Art History Snapshot Content Area: 3 Image #: 50 *Title: Vienna Genesis *Artist: *Culture: Byzantine *Medium: Illuminated manuscript (tempera, gold and silver on purple vellum) *Date: Early 6 th c. Location: Size: 12” x 9” Style: Byzantine Form (What does it look like? During the Byzantine era, depictions of Christ as the Pantocrator, or "ruler of the world," were common. Outline 01. Emperor Justinian is a major patron for the arts including Hagia Sophia. Justinian, Maximianus, and Attendants - San Vitale. Early Christian and Byzantine - AP Art History 14 15 with Patrick Meyer at Kaukauna High School - StudyBlue Flashcards 1261–1453. - Byzantine empire was born out of remains of the Roman Empire and continued element of the roman classical tradition - Byzantine painting specialized in mosaics, icons, and manuscript illumination - Byzantine art had two traditions, one reflecting the classical past and a … Iconoclasts (those who worried that the use of images was idolatrous) destroyed images. Elements of Art/Principles of Design?) THE EXAM! Outline 02. It fell in 1453 when the Ottoman Turks took over. Images of the Pantocrator appear at the top or center of Byzantine hierarchical compositions, and are often flanked by angels. Almost entirely concerned with religious expression, Byzantine art is known for the mosaics covering the interior of domed churches. In the Byzantine Empire, such a movement occurred in two separate waves, once in the eighth century and again in the early ninth century. St. Michael the Archangel - Early Byzantine. 1450 15th c. Italian Ren. It fell in 1453 when the Ottoman Turks took over. Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com.Click to see the original works with their full license. Emperor Justinian is a major patron for the arts including Hagia Sophia Western Roman Empire fell in 476 when Romulus was overthrown by a Germanic leader, Odacer. 1450 15th c. N. Euro. Complicated history for Hagia Sophia, or Church of the "Holy Wisdom", First time we see a dome that sits on 4 arches or "pendentives", Mosaics are intended to publicize and codify Christianity. Art History 2nd Edition Marilyn Stokstad This chapter and the next deal with the origins of art of the major monotheistic religions of the West and the Middle East. Eastern Roman Empire lasted about a thousand years longer. Christianity flourished and gradually supplanted the Greco-Roman gods that had once defined Roman religion and culture. time period for byzantine art. Byzantine art (quiz) Get 6 of 8 questions to level up! AP Art History; Winters; Byzantine; Hannah W. • 28 cards *Hagia Sophia. Home Class Info Units Chapters Global Arts Resources Byzantium. time period for early byzantine. Art history is designed to be a college level survey course approved by College Board. The Early Byzantine period spans from the founding of Constantinople in 330 to the Iconoclastic Controversy in the eighth and ninth centuries. AP ART HISTORY. Remained the epicenter until 1453 when the Ottoman Turks took over. Icons are in colors what the scriptures are in words: witnesses to the incarnation, the fact that God has come among us as a person. Middle Byzantine (c. 750-1261) Followed a period of crisis for the arts called the Iconoclastic Controversy, when the use of religious images were fully contested. Analyzing AP essay questions and breaking them into concrete tasks. CONTENT. Christ Between Two Angels - San Vitale. ... What do you think are the most significant qualities of Byzantine art? Outline 04. 843-1453. called themselves Romans, born from a split in the Roman world, eastern half of the Roman empire flourished under Constantine at Constantinople, spoke GREEK, promoted orthodox Christianity, trading center of the world, orthodox faith spread with art, icon production began, was wiped out during Iconoclasm, repealed and led to flourishing of the late byzantine and middle/high, images that act as reminders to the faithful, not intended to be the sacred person themselves, heated debate emerged, led to the ICONOCLASM, Early Byzantine art was largely destroyed as a result, CHURCH and STATE, many works of art were commissioned by church, buildings were crowded with religious works, strong court developed around the royal household, individual artists worked with piety, rarely signed their names, a triangle-shaped piece of masonry with the dome resting on one long side, other two sides channeled the weight down to a pier below, can take a number of shapes and forms, does the same thing as a pendentive, transitions the weight of a dome onto a flat rather than rounded wall, not known for its size, plain exteriors made of brick and concrete, provocative colors of brick, stone, and marble, small domes, interiors marked with colored marbles, mosaics, frescoes, domes are low, small floor space, vertical emphasis, interior arches, ANTHEMIUS AND ISIDORUS, combination of centrally planned and axially planned church, exterior is plane, altar at end of nave, emphasis placed on area covered by dome, cornice unifies space, arcade is decorated, large fields for mosaic decoration, MINARETS added later, walls were whitewashed, patrons were JUSTINIAN and THEODORA, 532-537, eight-sided church, plane exterior added later, large windows for illuminating interior designs, thin columns, open arched spaces, 526-547, exterior shows decorative placement of stonework and soft interplay, large windows are punctuated by small holes, interior wall areas dissolve into delicate arches, small dome with windows at drum, church has a light interior filled with mosaics and fresco, five domes placed in a cross pattern, windows at base of dome, figures are weightless in a field of gold mosaics, prominent iconostasis, compartmentalized space of Middle Byzantine, church contains relics of Saint Mark, 1063, commissioned by Ivan the Terrible, tall slender pyramid-like central tower crowned by small onion-shaped dome, central spire, low flat rounded arches, 1555-1561, mostly centered around the icon, devotional image, PORTABLE, wooden foundation with paint over it, cloth used as base, varnish then added to make it shine, placed in precessions, combination of Greece and Rome, more formal medieval style, trained in one tradition, single artist, painterly brush strokes, unusual angles to represent figures, frontal, symmetry, weightless bodies, emphasized, perspective is unimportant, avoids nudity, jewel-like manuscripts, MOSAICS, standard facial types, no attempt at individualism, long thin noses, short closed mouths, little man Christ child, jewel-like treatment, fine eye for detail, great precision, employ the use of gold, seen in icons and mosaics, status symbol, true temples of learning, color reserved for Byzantine royalty, can be seen in mosaics of Justinian, purple is used on the garments, clergy to the left, military to his right, dressed in royal purple, symmetry, frontal, holds bowl for eucharist, slight impression of forward, no volume, seem to float and overlap, little background, Maximianus identified, Halo suggests saintliness, 547, slight displacement of absolute symmetry, richly robed empress, stands in architectural framework, holding chalice, flattened and weightless figures, three Magi, SAN VITALE, stark unadorned brickwork on outside, interior decorations symbolize soul, first bishop of RAVENNA, twelve sheep represent apostles, Moses and Elijah, hand of God, book of Psalms, figures and landscape based on classical models, brilliant and balanced color, dynamic contrast between muscular bodies and stiff drapery, David playing harp, personification of Echo, muscular, classically inspired, arcs and curves dominate composition, Jewel-like border, sees and understands all as he looks down, stern, severe, awesome, menacing, forked beard above chin, monument set on a sea of gold, Bible in wright hand, DAPHNI and SICILY, Eleventh Century, repeating forms from older art, heads are nearly identical, poses are mirror images, luminous colors, deep harmony, colors, spaceless background, small, ivory or precious metals, unparalleled and richness, deep undercutting of figures, Ivory, Sixth Century, one leaf of an ivory dipytch, classical drapery, facial type, detailed classicaly architecture, imperial imagery, Saint Michael hovers over arch, spatial ambiguity. 726-843. Up next for you: Unit test. Artistic patronage flourished in the so-called "Palaiologan Renaissance" that followed. Byzantine Art. Middle and Late Byzantine (and beyond) Explain how Byzantine art specialized in a number of diverse art forms. Practice: Byzantine art (quiz) This is the currently selected item. Images of the Pantocrator appear at the top or center of Byzantine hierarchical compositions, and … Start Unit test. walls covered … 950, ivory, individualized heads, frontality broken up by slight turns of body, crisp lines, hieratic composition, angels appear, jewel-like delicacy, etc. The art and culture of the Byzantine empire, centered on Constantinople on the far eastern edge of the Mediterranean, reflect a far greater degree of continuity with the Classical world. 11. During the Byzantine era, depictions of Christ as the Pantocrator, or "ruler of the world," were common. 4) – nos. Ren. Early Byzantine Art. Outline 05. 13. They often feature flat and frontal figures floating on a golden background. Outline 08: Byzantium. INFO. Ap Art History. Anthemius of Tralles and Isidorus of Miletus, 532-537, Istanbul. Throughout the history of Christian art, Jesus Christ has been depicted in a variety of roles. Search this site. Byzantine - AP Art History. Byzantine church Function: Obviously primarily to worship the Christian god (This is a church) Glorify the Byzantine Emperor Justinian and Empress Theodora; Serves as a reminder for the power of the Byzantine Emperor Context: Built after the split of the Roman empire Architecture moved towards centralized cross-in-square plan. Students will learn from a College Board set list of 250 artworks chronologically, beginning with Paleolithic painting/sculpture and ending with Post-Modernist contemporary artists (a number of artworks will be added throughout the year in addition to the set list). TIMELINE: *ALL DATES CE UNLESS OTHERWISE NOTED Byzantine art BROKEN UP INTO 3 MAIN "GOLDEN AGES" Early: 527-726 During Justinian's rule (527-565) to the beginning of Iconoclasm Byzantine art, the visual arts and architecture produced during the Middle Ages in the Byzantine Empire. Scoring essays – students are provided with written essays from previous years of AP Art History class or from AP website and scoring guidelines. This quiz provides review questions covering Early Christian, Byzantine, Islamic, Romanesque, & Gothic art with specific reference to the images listed below (all numbering of images refers to AP Art History List of Required Works): From Annotated Mona Lisa, Carol Strickland, Ph D. Rome in the Eastern Empire, capital named Constantinople. Explanation: Throughout the history of Christian art, Jesus Christ has been depicted in a variety of roles. The Emperor Constantine adopted Christianity and in 330 moved his capital from Rome to Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul), at the eastern frontier of the Roman Empire. Global prehistory: 30,000-500 B.C.E. The Early Byzantine Period (527–726 CE) was ushered in with the reign of Emperor Justinian I, also known as Justinian the Great–both for his drive to recapture lost territories across the Mediterranean and for his monumental patronage of art and architecture. Interior of Hagia Sophia *San Vitale. ABOUT MR. G. More. Topic 2: Byzantine Art. Usually tall, slim with slim faces and long noses. 12. Interior of San Vitale. AP Art History. 250 LIST. 550 Byzantine 622 Beginning of Islam 600 Merovingian 800 Carolingian 1000 Ottonian 1100 Romanesque 1140 Early Gothic 1200 High Gothic 1250 Late Gothic 1300 Giotto/ Early Ren. Byzantine Art. Brought to you by Smarthistory. HOME. Western Roman Empire fell in 476 when Romulus was overthrown by a Germanic leader, Odacer. 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