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During a meeting between the foreign and water ministers of Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia Aug. 16, it was decided to resume technical negotiations Aug. 18, when each state submitted its own proposal for a unified agreement on the dam’s filling and operation. The current round of negotiations is expected to continue until Aug. 28 and a joint proposal is to be presented to South African President Cyrille Ramaphosa. On the political level, there are several joint dossiers, the most prominent of which is the Nile water, security and stability in the Red Sea Basin and the Horn of Africa, and the fight against terrorism and extremism. Amid the stalled negotiations over the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, Egypt gives priority to winning over Sudan in the dam crisis.

As a result, Ethiopia and Sudan had similar stances and defended the GERD during the negotiation talks at their onset in 2011. Here's what you can now access. The second round of talks came at Sudan’s request after Ethiopia refused to sign an agreement on how the GERD should be filled and operated. On Aug. 12, head of Egypt's General Intelligence Service Abbas Kamel and Minister of Health Hala Zayed, accompanied by a number of officials, inaugurated the new Egyptian Medical Center in the capital Juba, South Sudan. Ethiopia’s prime minister said on Tuesday his country, Egypt, and Sudan reached a “major common understanding which paves the way for a breakthrough agreement” on a significant dam … Also, 315 Sudanese companies operate in Egypt and their investments include industry, trade, agriculture and financial services. Sign up for the Week in Review newsletter. Rakha Hassan, a member of the Egyptian Council for Foreign Affairs, concurred. They agreed to choose a technical and legal representative from each country to compile the proposals submitted by Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia, with the participation of observers from the World Bank, the United States, the European Union and the AU. The ability of Egypt and Sudan to hold all the parties to the outcome of the negotiations depends on the success of these negotiations. Marine navigation and increasing the capacity of the Egypt-Sudan electricity interconnection project between the two countries from 70 megawatt to 300 MW were also on the agenda. Hagar Hosny | Water Issues | Oct 13, 2020, A correspondent in Egypt | Tourism | Oct 14, 2020, Mohamed Saied | Water Issues | Oct 11, 2020, Muhammed Magdy | Water Issues | Oct 6, 2020, Ethiopia's unilateral filling of the GERD, Sudan Center for Strategic and Policy Studies. An Aug. 15 Egyptian-Sudanese statement following the discussions between Madbouly and his Sudanese counterpart, Abdullah Hamdouk, outlined conditions for the resumption of negotiations with Ethiopia. The Aug. 18 final joint statement said that Egypt and Sudan had agreed on the need for the GERD negotiations to reach a binding agreement on filling and operating the dam in a way that preserves the rights and interests of the three countries. Photo by ASHRAF SHAZLY/AFP via Getty Images.

The second round of GERD negotiations sponsored by the African Union were suspended Aug. 10. Photo by EDUARDO SOTERAS/AFP via Getty Images. Egypt and Sudan have special bilateral relations. The link to reset the password will be sent to your email address. The real fear, particularly for Egypt and Sudan, is the project will cut their historic dependence on their share of Nile water. He told Al-Monitor over the phone that the existence of a consensus between the Egyptian and Sudanese positions regarding the GERD would create a strong front during the current negotiations between the three countries. The link to reset the password will be sent to your email address.

READ MORE Ethiopia/Egypt/Sudan: Trust, linkage, and cooperation can end dam dispute. Here's what you can now access. CAIRO — Based on the directives of President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi and as an attempt on Egypt’s part to show solidarity with the Sudanese people, Egypt sent Aug. 18 a medical aid shipment to those affected by the floods in Sudan. As for the economic aspect, the volume of Egyptian investments in the Sudanese market is estimated at $10.1 billion, according to 2017 statistics by the Egyptian State Information Service. All rights reserved. Tarek Fahmy, professor of political science at Cairo University, told Al-Monitor, “What Egypt is currently doing is part of its strategy to support Sudan in the north and south. Sign up for the Week in Review newsletter. Al-Monitor - Intelligence on the trends shaping the Middle East. Its stances have proven that its main goal behind the GERD is water hegemony over the Blue Nile, as a prelude to strategic hegemony over the Horn of Africa and the Nile Basin.”, Raslan added, “Ethiopia adopted a negotiation strategy in the past years that still stands. “I hope that Sudan will maintain its position so that the African Union — headed by South Africa — can solve the problem before the end of its current session in February,” he said. Madbouly said during a Cabinet meeting in the city of el-Alamein in western Egypt Aug. 19 that there is consensus in the Egyptian and Sudanese positions regarding the GERD, and that there is an Egyptian interest in strengthening relations with the Sudanese people, as well as a clear Sudanese interest in attracting Egyptian investors. It is also important to reach an effective and binding mechanism to settle disputes and a coordination mechanism between the three countries to ensure the safety of operation of all facilities and water projects affected by the dam.” The statement stressed the need “to avoid any unilateral measures before reaching an agreement that pleases all three parties.”, A well-informed Egyptian government source told Al-Monitor, “The Egyptian-Sudanese stances were largely aligned during the recent rounds of negotiations, while Ethiopia stalled on reaching a binding agreement in the GERD issue.

Sudan's former ambassador to Egypt, Abdul Mahmoud Abdul Halim, told Al-Monitor, “Madbouly’s visit was not just a matter of protocol. Hani Raslan, an adviser at Al-Ahram Center for Political and Strategic Studies, told Al-Monitor, “Ethiopia does not want any agreement that binds it on how to use the water. Information about your device and internet connection, including your IP address, Browsing and search activity while using Verizon Media websites and apps. Amani al-Taweel, director of the African program at Al-Ahram Center for Political and Strategic Studies, refused to link any of Egypt's behavior toward Sudan to the GERD issue.

The head of Egyptian intelligence, Abbas Kamel, visited Khartoum July 28. A new round of meetings between the Nile Basin countries has resumed as Sudan and Egypt try to unite on controlling damage from the Ethiopian dam. Out of the total annual flow of the Nile, measured at Egypt’s Aswan Dam as 84 billion cubic metres, Egypt takes 66% of the water and Sudan 22%, and the remaining 12% goes to evaporation. Ethiopia… CAIRO — During Egyptian Prime Minister Mostafa Madbouly's Aug. 15 visit to Khartoum, Egypt and Sudan resumed cooperation on getting Ethiopia to sign a comprehensive and binding agreement setting the rules for filling and operating the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD). During the visit, Madbouly and his Sudanese counterpart Abdalla Hamdok held bilateral talks during which they agreed to enhance trade exchange between the two countries and develop a plan of action to overcome obstacles hindering the flow of commercial traffic, especially transport routes leading to land ports, in addition to develop cooperation in the field of investment and transportation. Add to this the Egypt-Sudan electricity interconnection project. Egyptian-Sudanese coordination on the Nile water affair is not new. Taweel added that there are factors that determine the Egyptian interests in Sudan and they go beyond the GERD, including security factors associated with the Egyptian vision for Sudan’s stability, which by extension constitutes stability for Egypt. Find out more about how we use your information in our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy.

Fahmy added that the medical aid Egypt sends to Sudan is not politically motivated, because the aid is provided due to the special relations between the two countries. It creates new obstacles during each round of negotiations then calls for their resolution, only to disagree later over the procedural dimensions of the suggested solutions. A general view of the Blue Nile River as it passes through the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, near Guba in Ethiopia, Dec. 26, 2019. Egypt lends helping hand to Sudan amid Nile dam talks Amid the stalled negotiations over the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, Egypt gives priority to winning over Sudan in the dam crisis. South Sudan's Vice President James Wani Igga (L), Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah al-Sisi (C) and Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir attend a meeting in the Sudanese capital Khartoum on March 23, 2015, to sign the agreement of principles on Ethiopia's Grand Renaissance dam project. With that, Ethiopia can justify taking unilateral measures related to using the Nile waters.”. This was confirmed by the recent Egyptian delegations’ visits to North and South Sudan.”. You can change your choices at any time by visiting Your Privacy Controls. Egypt’s water security is a fundamental concern, but Egyptian-Sudanese relations are not limited to politics and they date to the 1970s, he said. Fahmy added that Sudan is currently beginning to show compatibility with the Egyptian position in light of its direct interests, and because the Sudanese side is well aware that Egypt is a country that can provide assistance not only in the medical field but in other fields as well. Ethiopia, Egypt and Sudan failed to strike a deal on the operation of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam before Ethiopia began filling the reservoir behind the dam in July. He said that had the Egyptian-Sudanese agreement occurred at the beginning of the dam crisis, it would have made a difference in the course of the negotiations. "Egypt is always keen on joint cooperation with Sudan regardless of the differences," Hassan added. But, in general, Egypt is seeking to have the Sudanese position converge with its own in regard to the dam, and this will inevitably affect the negotiations and empower the two sides in relation to Ethiopia. But since the fall of Bashir, Sudan has been expressing stances closer to Egypt. Mohamed Saied | Water Issues | Oct 11, 2020, Muhammed Magdy | Water Issues | Oct 6, 2020, George Mikhail | Water Issues | Oct 2, 2020, Rasha Mahmoud | Water Issues | Sep 29, 2020, Hagar Hosny | Water Issues | Oct 13, 2020, A correspondent in Egypt | Tourism | Oct 14, 2020, Al-Ahram Center for Political and Strategic Studies. CAIRO — During Egyptian Prime Minister Mostafa Madbouly's Aug. 15 visit to Khartoum, Egypt and Sudan resumed cooperation on getting Ethiopia to sign a comprehensive and binding agreement setting the rules for filling and operating the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD).

The floods have also caused landslides that damaged around 5,000 homes and infrastructure in 14 of the 18 Sudanese states. Sudan now realizes the danger of Ethiopian stalling … as this would affect Sudan’s water interests.”. Heavy rains in August caused massive floods in Sudan, leading to the death of more than 36 people and the destruction of dozens of villages, while thousands of Sudanese families have been displaced.

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